How do You Map a Von Karman Vortex Street and How do You Use One to Generate Electricity?


Abstract


Swirling structures in calmly flowing water inspire a deep, primal sense of peace and well-being. At the same time, images of Poe’s maelstrom in turbulent oceans inspire a sense of terror.1 Throughout the duration of my PhD, modelling the flow through ocean channels full of tidal turbines, I experienced both of those feelings. The mathematical beauty in my work is involved in the equations that I use to describe the ocean flowing through a tidal channel full of turbines.  A von Karman vortex street is the repeating pattern in parallel rows of swirling eddies that form in the wake of an obstruction in flowing fluid. The beauty and terror that eddies inspire in humanity is mirrored by the blessing and curse that these cause for engineers designing tidal turbines. While the fast-flowing water provides the power to drive the turbine, the turbulent vortices in the wake of a turbine put stress on downstream turbines by bending and twisting the blade as a vortex moves past the turbine. Understanding the balance between the power in the flow that can be captured by turbines and the impact on the natural flow by building these turbines was a fundamental part of my research.


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