Main Article Content
In this essay, we conduct an ancestral genealogy of the term “arrivant” through Kumina ceremony. A spiritual and ceremonial practice based in Jamaica, Kumina is, as Kamau Brathwaite describes, a living fragmentation of an African religion which arrived in the Caribbean through the Middle Passage. On arrival, Kumina retained its ancestral remembrance and its Central African Indigeneity. The tidal intimacies of Kumina have a relation to Imogene “Queenie” Kennedy, known by Kamau Brathwaite, in the title-inspired epigraph to The Arrivants: A New World Trilogy (1973), as Kumina Queen. Originally based in St. Thomas and later Kingston, Jamaica, Kennedy’s role in her community as a Kumina Queen exemplifies the intimacies and relationalities among African and Taíno Indigeneities. Through her life and her Word, this paper will consider how “arrivant” continues to be an honorific for Central
African ancestors who arrived in Jamaica as liminally enslaved and indentured.
Authors should note that in the spirit of open access to research Junctures is published under a New Zealand cc-by-nc-nd licence.
This licence is the most stringent cc-by licence currently available that means that people are free to read and redistribute the article but only with full acknowledgement of the author and the source. Although this licence does allow sharing of research, it does not allow any forms of commercial distribution. For more on cc licencing please see: http://www.creativecommons.org.nz/licences_explained__1 If you require your work to be published under a different licence please contact the Junctures Editorial Assistant.